REAP Code: 021

News Details

  • Department of Civil Engineering of KITE is organized a National conference on “SUSTAINABLE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT, SMART CITIES & SWACHH BHARAT INITIATIVE

  • National Conference on

    National Conference on “Sustainable Solid Waste Management, Smart City and Swachch Bharat Initiatives” -2017

    on 25th February –Saturday

    The conference commenced at sharp 9.00 AM with floral and warm welcome of Hon’ble Chief Guest Dr N P Kaushik Vice Chancellor   RTU Kota ,Guest of Honors Dr A B Gupta Prof MNIT Jaipur ,Dr A K Dwivedi Prof & Controller of Examinations RTU Kota ,Managing Director KITE Er C K Bafna and Director KITE Er V K Golecha .

     

    After lightening of lamp and Ma Saraswati Vandana the proceeding of conference commenced with the welcome address by Er C K Bafna who on behalf of KITE family  conveyed his gratitude and regards to Chief guest and Guest of honors along with all distinguished guest who present technical papers.

    Dr D R Jana Principal KITE in his speech informed about the activities of Institute along with various achievements of students during this academic session.

    Er S D Thanvi Associate Professor KITE and Convener of the conference welcomed all guest  and in brief elaborated about the conference aims and objectives along with presentations of papers in three technical sessions during this a daylong conference .He also briefed Guests about Dept of Civil Engineering and achievements in other national conferences organized during the last five years.

    Dr A.B Gupta Guest of Honor praised organizers for selecting the topic for this conference and narrated about Tal katora and Jal Mahal Restoration programs in Jaipur in which storm water rain dropped into these lakes which had 4 times higher BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) than the permissible limit which is not desirable but due to ignorance and noninvolvement of experts in conservation of lake this happens which should be avoided

    He also mentioned about SWM Processing Plants in which solid waste was converted into energy which are currently in operation in Rajasthan i.e. Jodhpur and Jaipur.

    Dr. Gupta also told about the Sewage Treatment Plant at Delawas that how the plant has become self-sustainable. 

    Dr A K Dwivedi briefed about the Swachh Bharat initiative commenced by Union Government of India at Pan-India level.

    He briefed about Solid Waste Management system which displays local action like Crude open dumping, Handy and controlling of informal waste ,Public health and environment problems, Institutional, technical and community awareness ,Public Private  Partnership is important, if results are required within a certain time frame.

    He also emphasized on removal of Constraints in the way of Swachcha bharat initiatives.

    Dr N P Kaushik Chief Guest blessed the conference and thanks organizers for giving him opportunity to part of this well timed conference. He also reiterated about  Swachh Bharat initiatives which is a true homage to Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi.

     He further told that smart phone, smart house, smart technology could play a vital role in the mission as complaint reprisals would be fast. Also briefed about the Smart Cities program of Govt of India in which 100 cities are selected across the country for the first phase ,where in each place would be smart and where in all citizens  have a high quality and comfortable life.

    He also deliberated that the earlier civilization used to develop along rivers , then highways and now on optical fiber network to have well access to network. The facilities that would be covering smart cities would be uninterrupted such as centricity supply, Water supply of  10-12 hours, hygienic Sanitation, Parking facilities, Health centres, proper solid Waste management and Sewage treatment facilities.

    In summing up his address he emphasized the need of this type of conference which make aware the young engineering students to make them well aware with the sustainable solid waste management, smart city and swachch, bharat initiatives.

    Dr A N Arora Professor KITE in his vote of thanks on behalf of KITE and Dept of Civil Engg Conveyed his gratitude’s towards Chief Guest , Guest of Honors , Authors’ who would present their papers ,media and all the participants who took pain in attending the conference by giving their valuable time. 

    The inaugural session ended and High Tea was served.

     

    The first Technical Session commenced under the Chairmanship of Dr A N Arora Prof Dept of Civil Engg KITE and Vice Chairman Er V K Modi Dept of Civil Engg KITE

     

    The first Speaker Dr. Vivek Agarwal Expert Solid Waste Management started his presentation and narrated as under :

    • Waste is a material which is considered as not useful after first use. But It is a resource then it is not waste.

    • He briefed that, In European countries, there is nothing as such wastes. There is no such department as Waste Management Department, they have RESOURCE MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT.

    • Dr. Agarwal mentioned about Sewapura, the dumping ground of Jaipur’s waste and  also questioned on Citizen Awareness which is very much lacking.

    Second speaker Er  Narendra Ajmera Superintending Engineer Jaipur Nagar Nigam shared the vision of  Jaipur Nagar Nigam from collection of garbage from door to door and  beautification of Jaipur City in all respect

    He narrated  the importance of clean and neat public places and city environment

    In all 69 wards Jaipur which have been declared ODF (Open Defecation Free)

    The initiatives taken by JNN to manage solid waste are

    1)      SBM

    2)      STP plants

    3)      Bottling plant

    4)      Compost plant

    He also mentioned about Swacchta app and Ministry of urban development based on Swacch Bharat Mission. and about the Delawas STP (Sewage Treatment Plant) having 2 × 62.5 MLD capacity which is a project funded by ADB (Asian Development Bank).This plant produces biogas for power generation upto 1 MW of electricity and also generates  manure for farming purpose. He also informed in the end about the Bottling plant on PPP mode in Delawas plant.

    The third speaker S K Wadhawan Retd Director General Geological Survey of India spoke about the importance of minerals. India produces 89 minerals (10 metallic). Mineral extraction and residual waste is problem of disposal. The resources are not properly utilized. In order to overcome these challenges, resource management is important for example to say, we can use high grade limestone and low grade limestone by mixing them together. There are many places across the country that produces  large amount of waste throughout the year.

     

    The forth speaker Er P.S Gahlot retd Prof  NITTTR Chandigarh in his presentation explained about  the importance of smart cities. He  highlighted the challenges with regard to Solid Waste Disposal ABNC ie (Attitude, Behavior and Non-technical competencies).  He emphasized about  the appropriate infrastructure can play  the key role for development of smart cities. Major project activities that could be undertaken in developing smart city are:

    • Education and training

    • Smart construction

    • Smart living services and efficient SWM

    • LEC (Low energy consumption) systems

    The first session ends with the briefing by Chairman of the session

     

    Soon after the second Technical session commenced under the Chairmanship of Dr Arvin Kumar Dwedi and Co-Chairmanship of ER Vishnu Sharma HOD Civil Engg Dept

    The First speaker of this second session Prof  (Dr) Sanjay Mathur MNIT Jaipur presented his paper on Waste Management Opportunities. where inhe narrated about

    Waste management opportunities as under :

    • Waste to energy, as an alternative to disposing of waste in landfills

    • Lower probability of ground water/ soil pollution

    • Profitability - Right technology / optimal processes/ all components of waste used to derive value,

    • Waste to energy could be a profitable business. Government incentives makes it more attractive business.

     

    Fifth speaker was Prof Dr. NIVEDITA KAUL, MNIT, Jaipur. She discussed on Waste Management. She said Waste Generated in India.

    Magnitude of The Problem

    • Total quantity of solid waste generated in urban areas of the country is 1.15 lakh tonne/day

    • India produces 42.0 million tons of municipal solid waste annually at present.

    • Per capita generation of waste varies from 200 gm to 600 gm per capita per day.

    • Average generation rate at 400 gm per capita per day in 0.1 million plus towns.

    •  Collection efficiency of the solid waste generated ranges between 50% to 90%.

    •  Urban Local Bodies spend around Rs.500/-  to 1500/- per ton on solid waste management of which:

    •  60-70% of the amount is on  Collection  alone.

    •  20% - 30% on transportation

    •  Less fund spent on treatment & disposal of waste

    • Crude dumping of waste in most cities

    • Even mount Everest is heavily littered. Now it is mandatory for every climber to carry back 8 kg of waste.

     

    Sixth speaker was Dr.VIJAI SINGHAL, Chief Environmental Officer, Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board, Jaipur. He said that

    Why Reuse, Recycle?

    • Preserve non-renewal  natural resources-Less mining,

    • Reduce consumption of new materials and save energy

    • Reduce Environmental footprints

    • Decrease the amount of waste to be disposed-Save space, energy

    • It makes economic sense to reuse and recycle

    • Reduce green house gas emissions, help in preventing global warming and climate change.

    Types of Solid Waste

    • Hazardous Waste

    • Biomedical  waste

    • Municipal Waste

    • E-Waste

    • Plastic Waste

    • Agricultural Residue

    • Non-Hazardous Industrial Waste

    Seventh speaker was Rajshree Mathur,

    Told about the National Urban Sanitation Policy (MoUD, 2008) whose goals are

    • Sanitary and safe disposal of 100% of human excreta and liquid wastes through network-based sewerage systems .

    • Recycling and reuse of treated sewage for non-potable applications.

    • Proper treatment and disposal of sludge from onsite installations (septic tank, pit latrines, etc.).

    • Strengthening urban local bodies to provide sustainable sanitation services.

     Also briefed about Swacch Bharat Mission whose goals are

    • To make India Open-Defecation Free (ODF) by 2019 by making toilet facilities accessible to all;

    • To provide separate toilets for boys and girls in all schools by August 15, 2015;

    • To provide toilet facilities to all Anganwadis (courtyard shelters for children);

    • Innovative low-cost and user-friendly technologies to be pursued for Solid and Liquid Waste Management to keep villages clean.

    Eight speaker was Anand Lal Mathur

    Mentioned of the environmental complex problems

    1) Thoughts

    2) Energy

    3) Matter

    Explained the law of the nature, if we have consumed something then waste would be generated.

    Highlighted the importance of control resource consumption and waste generation.

    Primary wastes are of two types

    1) Natural

    2) Man made Secondary wastes

    3) Man induced natural (ex ground water quality deterioration due to excessive withdrawal of water)

    Environmental impacts

    1) Impacts of smart phone

    2) Impact of micro-plastics from effluent treatment plants

    Concept of Environment conservation 5R’s

     

    Ninth Speaker was Neelam Golccha, M.Tech Scholar, MNIT, Jaipur. She said that

    WHY TALK ABOUT IT TODAY?

    • Generation of waste in India is close to 52 million tones of trash annually (CPCB,2016).

    • Waste generation is increasing at a rate of 4% per annum.

    • Less than 15 per cent of urban India’s waste getting processed.

    • Landfill is considered as one of the most popular method of disposal of Municipal solid waste (MSW) in India.

     Tenth speaker was RK Vijayvargiya, On his behalf the Mr. Indrajeet Panchariya gave presentation on topic Smart Cities - Urban Governance & Management. He said that Urbanization -  a process in which an increasing proportion of a society live in cities and the suburbs of cities.

    What is a smart city?

    It’s defines “A SMART city as one wherein investments in human, social capital, traditional transport and modern (ICT) communication, infrastructure, sustainable economic development provides a high quality of life by engaging management of natural resources, through participatory action.”

    • There is no universally accepted definition of a Smart City. It means different things to different people.

    • The Conceptualization  of Smart City, varies from :

    • City to City and country to country,

    • Depends on the  level of development,

    • Willingness to change and reform,

    • Resources and aspirations of the city residents.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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